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Visual impairment in the elderly.

 

       When people reach the age of 60 or older, they are often prone to eye-related diseases, the most common are farsightedness, cataracts, glaucoma… So vision loss in the elderly can be cured. No, let’s find out through the article below.

Under the impact of light, especially light containing UV rays, about 46% of retinal cells are damaged or dead during a person’s lifetime. So let’s apply eye protection methods today to limit the risk of vision loss in old age.

* Common eye diseases .

* Cataract .

Cataracts, also known as cataracts, cataracts, and cataracts, are the most common aging eye diseases in the elderly. The lens is a transparent lens located in the iris of the eye, allowing light to pass through and transmit signals to the brain, then reflect back with sharp images, with real and vivid colors.

Over time, exposure to sunlight, blue light, and dust in the environment make the lens less transparent like a mirror, making it difficult for light to pass through and not focus at the hammock. retina, causing us to see blurred, see the image is not clear. Common symptoms of this disease are that the elderly are often dazzled, have difficulty seeing in shady places, double vision, seeing an object into many objects or blurred vision as if there is a fog in front of the eyes.

* Macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration, also known as macular degeneration of the eye, is the degeneration of macular cells located deep in the center of the retina, causing the eyes to lose the ability to see detailed objects. The macula is the most sensitive area of ​​the retina, where millions of sensory cells are concentrated, and as we age, this place is prone to degeneration due to lack of nutrition, or damage by eye defects such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism… and often develop silently in 5-10 years before there is a loss of vision in old age.

This is the leading cause of vision loss in the elderly, accounting for about 50% of all cases. Although it does not cause complete blindness, it causes limited vision around, causing hallucinations, if not treated. Soon the blind spot will get bigger and bigger.

* Increased intraocular pressure.

Glaucoma, also known as glaucoma, is a condition that occurs when the tear glands do not produce enough tears, increasing the fluid pressure on the eyeball. The disease manifests through symptoms such as sudden pain in the eyes, mild itching, burning, redness, swollen eyelids, watery eyes, and photophobia.

If the disease is left untreated for a long time, it will damage the nerves in the eye, causing rapid vision loss or even loss, blurred vision like through a fog, looking at glowing objects see a blue-red halo.

* Is visual impairment in the elderly curable?

Depending on the cause of vision loss in the elderly and the condition of the disease, the doctor will have a treatment plan for eye diseases in the elderly. However, this is a sign that the aging of the organs in the body cannot be treated completely, but we can apply measures to help the disease not progress seriously.

* Proper diet.

Supplementing with foods rich in vitamins A, C, and E has a very good effect on the blood vessels in the eyes. Foods like bell peppers, salmon, sweet potatoes, beans and legumes, eggs… not only provide nutrients, but also significantly reduce the risk of eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataracts. vitreous. In addition, you should also add to your diet dark green vegetables and nutritious fruits to balance nutrition and help keep your eyes healthy.

* Use some more eye tonic.

Supplementing with certain nutrients such as vitamin A, antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids, Gamma-Linolenic acid, zinc through foods or vitamin supplements also help support. improve eyesight and reduce aging in the eyes of the elderly.

* Protect your eyes when going out.

Protect your eyes from exposure to ultraviolet rays or other types of dust in the environment by wearing sunglasses when going out. In addition, the elderly should also regularly exercise to improve health as well as better protect eyes.

To avoid blurred vision, unclear vision that can affect the daily activities, walking and communication of the elderly, they should wear glasses to support. Go to eye hospitals for eye exams, advice and correct glasses to protect your eyes better.

* Eye surgery .

Surgery is considered the most effective treatment for the elderly today to bring back healthy bright eyes. However, this method is quite expensive and depends on the situation of each person, we should consult with the treating doctor before proceeding.

Written by hoangphat

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